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CREATE: forms, labels and form letters.

This machine code word processor can even ADD/SUBTRACT bookkeeping columns.

Change, delete, add, insert, move, copy (characters/lines/blocks) of text fast.

SELECT: margins, page length, number of copies, tabs, center lines / page, line spacing and LEGAL PAPER LINE NUMBERING.

MODEL I users get: Model III shift key controlled upper / lower case letters!!

EASIER to USE than other systems. Only 8 keys control 96% of the LW features!!

TRY a LW for 3 MONTHS. If not satisfied return it. We will refund all but S3.50 to cover postage / handling. IF YOU CAN NOT RETURN IT, DO NOT BUY IT.

C. A. of N. Y. rates his LW purchase as "one of the best buys I have made. "I

TAPE 16K Model I/III systems $23.99

DISK 32K Model I/III systems $37.99

WE PAY: tax / US postage on ALL orders.

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Verbatim MD525 01 disks: 10 for 525.95 Microsette CIO tape+box: 20 for Sl.3.95

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5905 Stone Hill Dr. Computer Phone

Rccklin, CA 95677 (916) 624-3709,


Hoppy was the first program of this type to appear in magazine advertisements. It became available about one month after it was advertised. It was originally marketed by its authors Dubois and McNamara from Australia. They had begun a mail-order business through a location on the west coast of the United States. However, problems arose in marketing and distribution. The authors returned to Australia.

About this time, Displayed Video in Michigan came to their rescue and agreed to market and distribute Hoppy and other programs by Dubois and McNamara. John LaCourse of Displayed Video initiated full-page ads in color for Hoppy. At last, Hoppy appears to be on the right track for success.

One feature that causes Hoppy to be unique in its field is the ability to save your high score to tape or disk and then verify the saved score.

Although it plays similar to Frogger, Hoppy does not look like Frogger! The reason is that it divides the game into two screens. The first screen shows the traffic in over-sized cars and trucks. Once completed, the second screen appears with the top area on the entire screen (logs, turtles, etc.). The game subsequently cannot be viewed as a whole. You can see only half of the game at a time. With Frogger, all of the action can be seen at all times, hence the big difference.

Despite this shortcoming, Hoppy is a fun game. The graphics are creative and the machine language action is rather brisk. Sounds are the usual beeps and buzzes. The title page is a bit unusual as are the instructions, but they are enjoyable. A joystick may be used in this game.

Dubois and McNamara obviously realized that they would not be the only people to come out with a game of this type, but they were the first. Other games after their version would have to be inferior or better. Credit must be given to them for coming out with a version of this caliber on such short notice. Being from Australia, it would have been even better if they had made the main character a kangaroo instead of a frog. Then it would really be Hoppy.


Models I/III/4iu

Cassette $15.95, Disk $19.95

Cedar Software

1943 Woodson Court

Dayton, OH 45459

(513) 435-5966

Leaper was the second version to be found in advertisements. It was written by John DeRegnaucourt of Centerville, Ohio, for his software company, Cedar Software.

Leaper was almost completed at the time the ad for Hoppy appeared in various computer magazines. Discouraged, John nearly gave up on the idea, feeling that someone had already beat him to the punch. He received encouragement from a local software company and completed the game despite the obvious competition. Leaper became available late in the summer of 1982. A successful program was born and John is very happy that he did not give up his programming efforts.

Leaper is the best single-screen version of Frogger that is available for the Model I and III computer.

One obvious advantage is that it is only one screen. This way it looks as close to the original as possible and the player can view all of the action at once. Keyboard control for the arrow keys or joystick is instant for this one or two-player adventure into the brief life of a frog. It is a fun game as you try to manipulate your graphic character past the slithering snakes and speeding traffic. The first level is relatively simple to master, but a total of 10 different levels (each much more difficult) provides a unique challenge for the experienced video-addicted player (videot).

In addition to the obvious creative sound effects needed in a game of this type, Mr. Deregnaucourt (better known as "Mr. Wizard" to his fellow programmers) has recently added voices to Leaper! These are not the crackly, muffled voices found in many programs. His vocal sounds are very crisp and clear. John has implemented quality sounds and voices in Leaper. For those who purchased a Leaper without voice and wish to have the vocal version, send the original tape (plus $3 for postage) and Cedar Software will replace the older version with the vocal version.

If you are searching for a game that looks and plays similarly to the original, Leaper is for you. Rrribit!


Models I/III/4iii No charge with purchase of The Word Machine Pel—Tek P.O. Box 1026 Southhampton, PA 18966 (800) 523-2445 In PA (800) 346-7511

Jumpy's appearance in advertisements marked the third appearance of a Frogger-type program for the Model I and III.

The programmer for Jumpy is Ed Levy. He was educated for a systems analyst position and worked for a defense contractor early in his career. He designed and implemented "war game" simulations to aid his company to sell weapons systems. Currently, he is executive officer of a wholesale distribution firm, teaches evening courses at a local community college, and programs evenings and weekends.

Jumpy's parent company, Pel-Tek, is owned and operated by Ed's wife, Pam. It is primarily a mailorder business for arcade games for the home computer.

A remarkable marketing ploy of Pel-Tek is that they advertise their game to be more of a "rabbit" game than frog game. You have to hop your bunny over the same obstacles (graphically). High scores built into the game have names like Peter Cottontail, Bugs, etc. The only reason that is apparent to call it a rabbit game is to avoid lawsuits from the original.

A good feature of Jumpy is that it is a single-board game. All of the action can be viewed at once.

The graphics could be improved a bit. The section of logs and turtles is made of typewriter letters and symbols joined together rather than the more attractive original graphic combinations found in other versions of the game.

Jumpy is a very fast-action game that plays similarly to the original. The sounds are adequate beeps and buzzes.

One nice unexpected feature is that something different happens once the bunny reaches the top: the action reverses! Suddenly, the logs and turtles are going in the opposite directions. It is a real challenge since your mind has just prepared itself to remember which direction each row travels. Abruptly, what you remember is no longer true. Nifty idea, Mr. Levy!

Advertising for this product has been minimal. However, the game does have merit as a reasonably similar version of Frogger. It does lack the extra enhancements of fancy sound and detailed graphics, but this does not distract the player from realizing that it is an enjoyable reproduction of the original.


Models I/III/4iii cassette $12/94 Close-out sale through RAM parts, 145 Grove St. Ext. Peterborough, NH 03458 (603)924-9882

The most recent version of the Frogger video game finally had the courage to come out and call itself Frogger. Actually, this is the only authorized version on the market.

Frogger (for the Model I and III) was written for The Cornsoft Group. You should remember this company as the originators of Scarfman (a version of Pac-Man). The owners of Pac-Man persuaded Cornsoft to halt their manufacture of Scarfman due to its similarity to Pac-Man.

Cornsoft decided to come out with a frog game. However, they contacted Sega (the owners of Frogger) first, to obtain permission. Sega agreed providing they followed their guidelines to allow the game to be as close to the original as possible. Cornsoft complied and the game became available in November, 1982.

The first thing you will notice about this version is that it features the same harmonic music as the arcade version. It is a catchy, addicting tune that plays during the introduction at periodic places during the game's execution. In fact, there is music playing at all times during the game.

The opening introduction features a full-screen frog of interesting design. It is followed by instructions as well as requests for the number of players and game level to begin

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